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Explore the links between people and the economy

Economics and Business Economics

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Do you want to know what drives people to make certain choices? Are you interested in economic questions such as what sends high streets into decline, how CO2 taxes affect the price of driving, or how the attractiveness of an investment can be measured? Would you like to earn a good living while also making a difference in society?

Then the Economics and Business Economics programme is for you. Check here whether you meet the admission requirements and find out how to apply.

Check whether you meet the admission requirements and apply

  • Applying for Economics and Business Economics with a non-Dutch diploma

    Applicants holding a non-Dutch pre-university diploma apply via the International Office. We check if your previous education meets a number of requirements. If you do not yet meet the requirements but expect to do so in the future (such as obtaining your diploma), you can already apply. We will evaluate your application and inform you of our admission decision.

    Requirements that apply:

    1. A diploma equivalent to the Dutch pre-university VWO-diploma

    See the Diploma Requirement List for examples of accepted diplomas per country.
    Please note: this list is meant to give you an indication of admissibility; no rights can be derived from it. Applicants who do not meet this criterion may be asked to sit (an) entry exam(s) to prove they are eligible for admission.

    2. Proof of sufficient proficiency in English

    Although complete applications are preferred, you can begin your application before you have completed the test and then submit your passing score once you have been conditionally admitted. You can find all accepted tests and scores on our Language Requirements webpage.

    3. Proof of sufficient proficiency in Mathematics
    After you apply to the programme and upload the required documents in our student portal, your International Student Advisor will determine whether your diploma is equivalent to the Dutch VWO-diploma and whether your mathematics level is sufficient.

    These examples of diplomas demonstrate sufficient proficiency in the subject Mathematics:

    • International Baccalaureate: mathematics SL or HL, Applications & Interpretation HL, Analysis & Approaches SL/HL
    • United Kingdom/GCE A-levels: A-level in mathematics completed with a grade A, B or C.
    • Germany: Zeugnis der allgemeinen Hochschulreife, including Mathematics Grundkurs as Prüfungsfach or Mathematics erhöhtem Anforderungsniveau (eA)/Leistungsfach .

    If your diploma is not considered to be at the right level and/or if your proficiency in mathematics is considered to be insufficient, your International Student Advisor will inform you if it is possible to meet the requirements with an additional certificate. If participation in the exam is necessary this will be communicated to you in the offer letter.

    When advised to sit an entrance exam, the following certificates are deemed equivalent to the required Dutch VWO Mathematics A level:
    Mathematics Exams 

    • Boswell-Bèta(English). Boswell-Bèta in Utrecht (the Netherlands) provides a mathematics course mathematics A in English with exams in December, May and July.
    •  CCVX(Dutch and English). CCVX offers mathematics exams in the Netherlands equivalent to the Dutch VWO subject mathematics A for Dutch-speaking and English-speaking applicants.
    •  Online Mathematics Placement Test. The Online Mathematics Placement Test-A (OMPT-A ) offered by SOWISO is an online mathematics test that you can take from home by means of online proctoring.

    A positive result for the mathematics examination (5,5/10 in the mathematics A exam or 65% in the OMPT-A online exam) is compulsory for admission to the programme.

    Application documents:

    • Transcript of records; a transcript in English of the grades obtained over the final two years of your high school and any further education up to the moment of your application. IB and A-level applicants are asked to upload their predicted grades.
    • A scan of your diploma (if you have already graduated).
    • Curriculum Vitae; the curriculum vitae should include your personal details and list your previous education and relevant work experience (± 1-2 pages).
    • English language test results (if already obtained).
    • Copy of valid passport or ID (ID for EEA students only).

    Application deadline:

    The final application deadline for non-EU/EEA students is 1 April and for Dutch and EU students the final deadline is 1 May. Do you have a non-Dutch nationality? Then you may be eligible for housing  via the International Office Accommodation Services. An early application is then recommended.

    Ready to apply?
    Great! Click here to start your application.

    By selecting Economics and Business Economics in Studielink you can start you application – in VUnet, the next application step, you can confirm your choice for the English-taught track. If you have your Studielink set to Dutch you can find the programme under Economie en Bedrijfseconomie. Note that for diplomas obtained outside of the Netherlands an application fee of €100 applies.

    Nuffic Certificate for Chinese students
    Chinese students who wish to enrol on a programme taught in English at a Dutch higher education institution are required to apply for a Nuffic Certificate. More information on the Nuffic Certificate for Chinese students.

  • Applying with a Dutch diploma

    VWO diploma
    Applicants who obtained a VWO diploma from a Dutch secondary educational institution are eligible for admission to the Bachelor programme Economics and Business Economics at VU Amsterdam.  The following VWO profile needs to obtain an additional modular at 6 VWO level :

    • Cultuur en Maatschappij, supplemented with Mathematics A or B.

     Higher professional education (HBO) propaedeutic year 

    • English at 6 VWO level
    • Mathematics A or B at 6 VWO level

    Higher professional education (HBO) completed programme 

    • English at 6 VWO level
    • Mathematics A or B at 6 VWO level

    Aged 21 or over?  
    Dutch applicants who do not meet any of the above educational requirements and who are aged 21 or over, may be admitted by way of colloquium doctum. This requires obtaining the following modular certificates at 6 VWO level:

    • English
    • Mathematics A or B
    • History

    Ready to apply?

    Great! Click here to start your application. 

  • VU Study Choice Check

    VU Amsterdam believes that it is important you fit into our programme and university. The Study Choice Check offers you the opportunity to determine if the study programme corresponds to the image and expectations that you have and whether it suits you.

    The Study Choice Check is part of the application procedure for all bachelor degree programmes. It consists of two parts: first you fill out the digital questionnaire on VUnet and second you complete the Study Choice Check activity. Please note participation in the Study Choice Check is mandatory. This means you have to complete both parts (questionnaire and activity). If you did not complete the VU Study Choice Check, you cannot start with the programme in September.

    This programme offers the activity online on our digital learning platform Canvas. In order for us to be able to send you an invitation to the activity it is necessary that you log in to VUnet and complete and confirm the application form (progress 100%). The start date for sending the invitations is not yet known. Keep an eye on your inbox: the invitation will be sent to the email address you entered when you registered. Check your spam folder regularly to make sure you don’t miss out on any messages from us.

    More information about can be found here: VU Study Choice Check 

    If you have any questions about the Study Choice Check, please send an email to

  • Online Summer Prep-Campus

     Even if you meet the mathematics requirements, some students find it difficult to know what is expected of them once they begin the Economics and Business Economics programme. From our experience, the math courses in the first period are major stumbling blocks for many students. To address this, we have developed the Online Summer Prep-Campus. A Diagnostic test will help you to determine if your current quantitative skills fit with the topics that will be covered in the period 1 course Quantitative Research Methods I. If your current skills are lower than advised, the diagnostic test will provide suggestions on how to improve. You can take courses through the online summer prep-campus to freshen up your mathematics and start university with the math you need! For those that already have the required level there is the option of an advanced course. More information will follow after admission.

  • Binding Study Advice (BSA)

    The BSA is an advice given to all Bachelor’s students on four occasions during their first year of studies concerning their study progress. The fourth recommendation, issued at the end of the first year, is binding in nature. To continue to the second year you must have obtained a certain number of credits.

    To receive a positive BSA for this study programme you must have obtained a minimum of 42 EC (credits), including the course Quantitative Research Methods I at the end of the first year of enrolment. Every student has access to an overview of the obtained study results and assessments are available for inspection after registration of the test result.

Want to know more?

Are you applying with a non-Dutch diploma?

You can contact Tessa de Jong - International Student Advisors of the School of Business and Economics:

Or call Tessa on +31 20 59 86201

Do you have any other questions?

Send an email to

Call us on +31 20 5985000 (on working days from 10.00 till 16.00)

Or send a Whatsapp message to +31682548367